Already a year the air defense units can receive updated "Buk-M1" SALs after deep upgrades.
At the command of the Air Force, it is asserted that the intensive work of anti-aircraft missile specialists, leading scientists and defense companies is underway on the renewal of the anti-aircraft missile arsenal. Soon, Ukrainian units of air defense should receive complexes capable of confronting promising means of air attack throughout the range of heights and speeds under conditions of intense electronic and fire influence of the enemy.
The main way of rearming the Air Force is to modernize the old ones, and to develop and manufacture new ZRKs by the enterprises of Ukroboronprom with the involvement, if necessary, of foreign partners.
Ukrainian OPK in this direction is moving in two ways. The first is the development of new models of anti-aircraft missile weapons. It requires significant investment and a long time. Consequently, the new anti-aircraft missile complex of Ukrainian production in the army will not come soon, despite the fact that developments in this direction are conducted quite intensively. The second way is a deep modernization of the existing Buk-M1 MRK. Taking into account the experience of deep modernization of the complex, for example, Belarus, as well as analyzing the domestic scientific and technical and industrial potential, the PS Command decided that this is a promising direction, which will allow the air defense units to be strengthened in relatively short time. Now the defense enterprises are actively working on it. And for the year ZRV can get the first upgraded RAS.
Before the war, spare parts and components for repair complexes were purchased in Russia. Over the past few years, domestic enterprises have succeeded in practically zeroing the production of the most severely deficient components and restoring nearly a quarter of the Buk-M1 MRK fleet. These components are just the latest Ukrainian digital developments. Ukrainian products, although not improving the tactical and technical characteristics, however, add the reliability and ease of use of the SRS.
Tactical and technical characteristics of the "Buk-M1" MRK
"Buk" is a self-propelled anti-aircraft missile system designed to combat maneuverable aerodynamic targets (cruise missiles, controlled bombs, planes, helicopters, airplanes, etc.) at small and medium altitudes (from 30 m to 14-18 km) in conditions of intense radio-resistance .
Work on the MRC was started in 1972 year. The first modification, "Buka" (9K37; according to the classification of the United States and NATO - SA-11 Gadfly), was adopted by 1979 year. The next upgrade of the 9K37М1 complex "Beech-M1" - 1983 of the year.
The analysis of the test results showed that compared with the baseline version of the damage zone was significantly increased, the probability of damage to cruise missiles ALCM - not less than 40%, helicopters are confused with the probability of
60 to 70%, suspended helicopters at a distance from 3,5 to 10 km may be affected with a probability of 30 to 40%. The possibility of recognizing three classes of goals: an airplane, a helicopter, a ballistic missile has been introduced. Technical and organizational measures for effective counteraction to radar missiles have been introduced. All means of the "Buk-M1" MRK have full interchangeability with elements of the basic modification complex.
Ukraine is compelled to follow this path, because the purchase, as some suggest, of modern MIS abroad will not solve the problem of rearmament of anti-aircraft missile troops. They are expensive and we will not be able to immediately purchase the required amount. And support units in combat status during the war is absolutely necessary. Therefore, we have to restore existing complexes, gradually improving them. Meanwhile, our air borders protect the repaired weapons, Ukrainian developers are working on options for a deep modernization of the "Bukov".
The specialists of Ukrboronprom's enterprises, together with ZRV specialists and scientists from the Kharkiv National Air University, conducted research on the potential of modernization of the complex, industrial facilities and jointly prepared operational and tactical requirements for the characteristics to be provided by the updated Buk. Characteristics of the future anti-aircraft missile system are not declassified, but they are assured that as a result of modernization, it will become more efficient, more reliable and significantly expand the zone of defeat of targets. As a result, it is expected that this weapon will meet the standards of the most developed countries and NATO will receive the new code name Grizzly ("Bear") instead of Gadfly ("Gedz").
In particular, the increase of operational and technical characteristics will be achieved by replacing individual units, nodes, aggregates and component parts with a new modern element base using microprocessor technologies. This greatly increases the trouble-free continuous operation time of the complex. Using microprocessors and a modular system will unify the components of the complex. One and the same assembly block will be able to perform various functions depending on where it is installed. This approach will save you money and simplify operation and maintenance. Thanks to the modular system of troubleshooting, it will take only a few minutes: replacing the faulty unit, and you can continue to work in regular mode.
Workstations will be automated. The computer control system of the complex will perform the setup and diagnostics of all equipment for the detection of malfunctions. Processing signals, detecting and tracking targets will also be done automatically. Personnel should only be engaged in time, control the work, launch rockets, shut down and move the complex to another location.
The complexes will also receive a new tele-thermal system, modern digital communication, navigation and top-tethering, a laser rangefinder and coordinate support, and in the future a new anti-aircraft guided missile with a semi-self-propelled head.
The introduction of a laser range finder will allow for passive directional and ground-wave targets and increase the secrecy of the MRK due to the combined operation of the range finder and the heat-television / optical visor. And the "coordinate support" mode will increase the effectiveness of the ARM in a complicated interference situation.