Humanity is increasingly thinking about the colonization of Mars. One of the challenges of this ambitious goal is to maintain a qualitative connection between the planets, because it is very difficult due to the features of celestial mechanics. Recently, the international team at the time of large-scale ideas competitions has finally come up with a system of such a connection. The group was also a Ukrainian Misha Rudominsky.
- Tell us about yourself in general. Who are you and what are you doing?
- I am a student, an engineer and an entrepreneur. I study at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, but I am now transferring to Turin Polytechnic. I'm working on creating software for assessing business value with an international team. Also, I'm a member of the Mechanical Engineering Team at the Mars Colony engineering team, where I work with others to develop a sealing airlock for the Colony on Mars. We are still conducting an international competition in which we challenge students from all over the world to create their own eyellets. We currently have 18 teams, including the University of Toronto, Harvard and Auchen RVTU.
It was after one of the meetings of the Mars Colony team that I got to these competitions. One of my good friends, who was aware that I have some astrophysicist knowledge, offered me, after the meeting, to help them with the calculations needed to locate the satellites. At the same time, we realized that I was the only one in the team who in general understood something in heaven's mechanics. So I became a member of the group.
The research and colonization of Mars is a task over which thousands of engineers and scientists around the world work. It invests hundreds of billions of dollars. When it comes to communication between colonists and the Earth, we hope that our work will be a big step towards its solution.
- Since you have already mentioned it - why go to Italy with a seemingly cool Canada?
- I am translating for a number of reasons. The discrepancy between price to quality, cultural discrepancy - my and Canadian - and, generally, after Ukraine in Canada, are bored. It's all too good there.
- By the way, how did you get to education abroad? Do you recommend this to other young Ukrainians?
- By secret I will say that there is a small problem. I chose a university in Canada that I liked, went to their site, clicking on the button "Apply now" - and after three months received a positive answer. Of course, application itself is a huge process, which took two months, and preparation for the necessary examinations - six months. But at that moment it seemed to me that it was worth it.
And about counseling - I do not recommend anyone and I do not advise anything if people do not understand why it is for them. You can graduate Harvard one hundred times, but higher education is just one of thousands of tools to achieve your goals. If a person does not have a clear purpose, then the tools they receive will not be used to anything. So my only advice is: "Know your purpose and choose the right tools to achieve it." My goal is to create a private space agency that will support the future development of Mars. To achieve this, higher education is an effective tool.
- And how do you relate to the concept of "brain drain"?
- Negative, but with understanding.
- Are you going to return to Ukraine once?
- And I did not leave her either. I have no purpose to escape from Ukraine, I want to achieve my goal and I will be where I can do it better. I will say it very pathetically, but from the heart: the planet Earth is my home, and Ukraine - forever will remain the place where I was born. I would like to be able to call myself a citizen of the world.
- The competition was held by SSPI (Space Satellites Professionals International) along with SEDS (Students for the Exploration and Development of Space) - an international organization that brings together professionals and amateurs in the theme of satellite space communications. We, and students from other universities in Canada, were supposed to create a satellite communication system to support research and colonization of Mars. And while it sounds simple enough, this project has a lot of pitfalls.
There are several major problems associated with the creation of such a system: disconnection via the Sun, the need to cover the maximum area of Mars, using the minimum number of satellites, etc.
To cover the surface of Mars by a signal, we came up with two satellites (main and secondary) at the first and second points of the Lagrange Mars. They will enter Lisbane orbits at a distance of about one million kilometers from Mars and use it for a gravitational push. After that, the movement of this orbit will continue until the end of its shelf life. Our calculations have shown that this will provide coverage of 99.81% of the surface of Mars throughout the astronomical day.
The sun is still harder with the sun. Every two years the Sun is six weeks between the Earth and Mars, which completely interrupts the connection between them. This can be critical in emergencies on Mars. After passing a dozen ideas, we came to the conclusion that the satellite location in the first point of the Venus Lagrange, or 45 degrees ahead of Earth's motion, would be most effective. It will still use it for communication.
By the way, in early June, I was in the team of organizers and led a project at the Summer Natural Science Research School at the Kiev Lyceum №145, which he himself graduated from. There, I put the same question to the eight-graders that we had: "What is needed to link Mars with the Earth?" And they did not achieve what they had but exceeded all expectations. They worked out some aspects better than we, and for some problems found such aesthetic and effective solutions that we did not even think about.
- In terms of marketing strategy, Tesla is a miracle. From an absolutely mediocre product made an international phenomenon. But SpaceX is really an example on which I try to level out. Everyone said that they would not do anything, and they would soon be sending people to Mars.
- Shortly? When can a human colony on Mars actually emerge?
- I'm not a professional, not an expert, but my forecast is up to 2040 year.
- Well, this is a bit of a bourgeois question - why do you need it at all? On Earth, a lot of problems, why fly to Mars and spend on this trillions of money?
- Not trillions, but billions, but the question is correct. Each technical breakthrough has brought cultural and social development. And when people become interplanetary, then we will not divide into Europeans, Arabs, Chinese, and earthlings and Martians. I believe that this will make us more tolerant, tolerant and free. Less time will be spent on wars and more on the common development of mankind. If we just wanted to explore Mars, then we would choose robots - this is a dozen times cheaper method. But the goal of colonization is in the development of mankind.